Dambadeniya Era

When the South Indian invader Kalinga Magha conquered the Polonnaruwa city in 1215 A.D., the royals, chieftains and other inhabitants rejected the policy of continuous harassment and unjust ruling of Magha and moved towards the southwest and formed administrative units in several places and tried to continue the Sinhalese inheritance power as it is said in chronicles.
The king Vijayaba became as the Vijayaha iii, who managed to overcome the other chieftains and brought the island in to one umbrella. Thereafter Dambadeniya administration becomes the third kingdom of Sri Lanka.
The historians are of the opinion that the tooth relic and the bowl relic of Buddha which had been concealed for safety in Kothmale had been brought to the rock temple of Beligala and constructed a shrine room for the tooth relic. He also has constructed another temple called Wijayasudarrama in Dambadeniya town in his name.
The most remarkable mission of the King Parakkramabahu ii, who is the eldest son of the King Vijayabahu iii, is expelling the Kalinga Magha invader from the island.
Thereafter the tooth relic at Beligala temple was brought to the Dambadeniya kingdom and temple for tooth relic constructed closer to the royal palace.
The king has constructed a rampart and a parapet wall to establish the security of the city and the palace.

The Art And The Architecture of The Dambadeniya Kingdom

There are remains of a palace and other buildings in Maligagala alias Maligakanada in Narammala of Kurunegala district. Evidence of foundation of a citadel has been excavated and water collected to the center court yard has been diverted through concealed drains and the remains of some of the drains can be seen.
The rampart and the parapet wall in South of the rock are the evidence to prove that the citadel had been covered with safety barriers. It has also been found the remains of guard room, opening of a tunnel, pond and the remains of a moat constructed for safety around the Maligakanda.
The remains of Watadageya, two storied tooth relic shrine, and ruins of another ancient building can be found even today closer to the citadel In Wijayasundararama.
There are evidence of a Tooth relic shrine consisted with a chamber and a pavilion, a flight of steps with a guard stone, balustrade and a moonstone.
Dambadeniya image shrine
Dambadeniya image shrine


  1. Hela Asiriya by Somapala Jayawardana

2.Yapahuwa Archeological Department- The team of researchers of Yapahuwa

  1. The South-western kingdoms of Sri Lanka by Prema Nanayakkara
  2. The ancient Palaces of Sri Lanka by Malinga Amarasingha Wasana publishers
  3. The Ancient Kingdom of Yapahuwa by Kusumsiri Wijewardana- Dayawansa Jayakodi Company
  4. Ancient Places and monuments of Kurunegala district by R.K.S. Anuradha , Ajantha Samankumari The Department of Archeology