Architecture during The Kandyan Period

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The Royal Palace of Kandy

Most of the kings used Kandyan palace as their residence. Time to time, these kings have contributed for the renovations of this palace. Sri Wickrama Rajasingha was the last king who occupied this palace.

This building has been occupied by the English ambassadors and several other officials after they conquered the Sinhalese kingdom of Kandy and they have effected several renovations in to this building.

It can be believed that the front portion of the building would have been used by the kings to meet the Kandyan chieftains when ever wanted.

There is a entrance door frame carved with different types of decorations and either side there are lion images and sun and moon have been carved.

The chambers used by the kings , queens and other members of the royal family and other inhabitants of the premises are been allocated in the ground plan of the Royal Palace.

The Shrine Room of The Sacred Tooth Relic
The Shrine Room of The Sacred Tooth Relic
“Paththiruppuwa” of the Shrine Room of The Sacred Tooth Relic
“Paththiruppuwa” of the Shrine Room of The Sacred Tooth Relic
Distance view of the Shrine Room of the Sacred Tooth Relic
Distance view of the Shrine Room of the Sacred Tooth Relic
“Wedahindina Maligawa”
“Wedahindina Maligawa”

As the chronicle of “Mahawansa” and “Dalada Wansa” the Sacred Tooth Relic had been brought down to Kandy from Delgamuwa and a shrine room for the Sacred Tooth Relic had been constructed by the King Wimaladharmasuriya next to the royal palace. The kings succeeded thereafter, held religious ceremonies to the Sacred Tooth Relic and the temple of Sacred Tooth Relic has been renovated time to time by them.

“Paththirippuwa is an additional part constructed on the order of King Sri Wickrama Rajasingha instructed by Devendra Mulachari.

The temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic in the same premises of the Royal palace is an exclusive monument of the complex of the Royal Palace.

There is only one fronticepiece to enter these both premises even from the inception.

There are beautiful paintings on the walls of Ambarawa, all the walls of “Wedahindina Maligawa”, walls of ground floor and most of the ceilings which are belong to the Kandyan period.

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Natha Devala Of Kandy  

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This is one of the rare buildings of Kandyan period made out of granite where we find several granite carvings with decorations.

Magul Maduwa

This is a council hall which is belong to the 18th centaury of B.C. constructed and decorated completely with timber on the order of King Sri Wickrama Rajasingha.

The roof of this building covered with flat tiles in terms of Kandyan style. There are three flights of steps of this building.

At the early stages it is said to be that there was a throne inside. They have enlarged the building and converted to the present position.

Door Frames of Kandyan Period

The special features found on these doors and door frames are that they have been carved and decorated with exclusive patterns. The artists have used granite, timber and ivory for constructions of door entrances. Out of them exclusive creation is found at the entrance of ground floor of the Temple of Sacred Tooth Relic.

There is an image of guard designed in a square pannel at the lower part of the pillar. There are designs of “Arimmbu”, pot of plenty and images of dancers can be seen and at the top of the entrance. There is a “Kihimbi” face together with two dragon figures on either side of that. There is a carving of swans immerging from the mouth of each dragon.

The granite entrance frame of Hanguranketha
The granite entrance frame of Hanguranketha

Bibliography
  1. Hela Asiriya by Somapala Jayawardana
  2. The Ancient Palaces of Sri Lanka by Malinga Amarasingha- Wasana publishers
  3. Atheetha Abimana Hetatath – Ancient Yapahuwa By E.M.Senevirathna Bandara Ekanayake The Department Of Archeology
  4. The Paintings of Temple of Tooth Relic, J.B.Disanayaka, S. Godage and Brothers